The Margarita Panel from Copan, Honduras, c. 450 CE
The Margarita Panel, a grand, modeled-stucco building panel, measures almost 9 feet high by 12 feet wide. Discovered by a Penn Museum excavation team in the 1990s, it features the emblematic name of Copan’s royal founder, K’inich Yax K’uk’ Mo’. The king’s name is shown as two entwined birds: a quetzal bird (k’uk’) and scarlet macaw (mo’), with crest elements that spell the initial part of the name yax meaning ‘first’ or ‘green.’ Carved around 450 CE it is in remarkable condition buried deep within the Copan Acropolis. MAYA 2012 features a replica of this monumental piece in its full-color splendor.